The Elephants are returning: visiting Cambodia's Chi Phat Eco-tourism project

Chi Phat ecotourism project Cambodia

Read our wonderful and slightly scary journey to Chi Phat community-based eco-tourism project in Cambodia's Cardamon Mountains.

"The elephants are returning" our guide Leeheng smiles proudly, waving an outstretched arm across the open plain before us.

"You know, a few years ago there were none here. They got scared by the hunting and the guns and moved away, into Thailand. Now, they’re starting to come back again”. His smile is one of those enthusiastic ones that sweep you along with it, helping to dissipate the memory of the steaming hot jungle-clad incline we’ve been scrambling up for the last hour.

It’s hard to imagine that merely a decade ago, our presence on this peaceful grassy hilltop plain in Cambodia's Southern Cardamom mountain region would have been impossible at best, deadly at worst.

After the collapse of Pol Pot’s murderous communist regime in 1979, his loyal guerrilla fighters quite literally fled for the hills - choosing the thick jungle cover of the Cardamoms as their last stronghold.

What followed was nearly 15 years of violent war and chaos for the region; mines were laid, villages attacked, locals murdered in grisly clashes.

When the last of the Khmer Rouge fighters were finally driven from the area, the locals who remained were left impoverished. With few options available for survival, many had no choice but to enter the lucrative poaching and logging trades to support their families.

Surprisingly, despite the ensuing destruction, the 1443 sq km mountain area has remained home to many a rare and endangered species. Big cats, elephants, gibbons, deer, wild pigs, snakes, and the extremely threatened Pangolin have survived amongst some of the most unchartered flora in the world.

A chance at lasting positive change came in the form of an approach to village elders by American-based conservation NGO Wildlife Alliance.

Together, they developed big plans for a community-based ecotourism (CBET) project in the Cardamoms and Leeheng’s village, Chi Phat, that set the wheels in motion for Cambodia’s most successful conservation project, transforming the lives of its residents completely.




Today, Chi Phat welcomes fighters of a very different kind with open arms; those workers, volunteers, and travellers interested in the battle for environmental conservation.

It’s this goal and a promise of world-class hiking that has brought us to our current grassy plain and the first of our three-day hike into the beautiful Cardamom Mountains surrounding the village of Chi Phat.

Getting to Chi Phat is half the adventure.

It’s a 4-hour bus ride from Phnom Penh to the small highway town of Andoung Tuek, and (having missed the 2-hour boat ride alternative) a white-knuckled 45-minute ride through fields of sugarcane and patches of sand on the back of a local motorbike to this pretty community of 500 families.

Colourful bamboo houses on stilts line the two dusty red streets, giggling children wave sous-dey (hello) enthusiastically, and all around us are the genuinely welcoming, happy smiles of locals.

Villagers, like Leeheng, who once roamed the forests in search of a quick payday are now wildlife warriors, now lead educational cycling, kayaking and trekking tours, training as cooks, opening guesthouses, learning English and computer skills, and working together to protect their futures.  

Under his knowledgeable eye over the next few days we explore the stunning and diverse ecosystems on offer; thick jungle, mountain ranges, grasslands, lush river systems; eagerly observing animal tracks. We camp in hammocks under the stars and swim in refreshing waterfalls.  

While we have the time of our lives, we’ll also be supporting a community working tirelessly to protect their environment, helping to provide them with a livelihood far removed from those of their pasts.

friends walk back to Chi Phat village, Cambodia

A clearing in the middle of the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia
A relaxing swim in Chi Phat, Cambodia

Leeheng opens up about the huge shift he’s seen take place over the last few years.  A former hunter (mostly deer, wild pig, and Pangolin) and logger himself, he knows first-hand what it signifies for him and his young family.  

“It was hard at first, some people had no choice but hunting or logging - we had to make money.

“Everyone thought they’d lose their income, so only 20% of the community supported it at first. But now almost 100% support it because the tourists come. We have jobs and opportunities again,” he shares.

Not only do they have opportunities again (over 5,000 people have benefited from the creation of sustainable jobs in Chi Phat), they are passionate about sharing their expert knowledge of the area with visitors.

That passion has been helped along by intensive conservation and guide training programs established by the CBET and Wildlife Alliance.

We pause regularly to inspect the day-old tracks of a herd of elephants, taste a Tamarind pod, discover a new plant species. We eat a meal made from root vegetables found in the forest and drink water from vines one afternoon. “City people don’t know how to do this,” Leeheng winks, “this is something you grow up learning around here”.

cooking dinner in the jungle, Chi Phat Cambodia
root curry, Chi Phat Cambodia
Drinking bamboo water in Chi Phat, Cambodia

As we eat lunch, sitting cross-legged in the middle of a dry river bed one day, we ask him whether there’s a downside to this huge change. To him it’s extremely simple; “In the past, if I killed a deer I might make $100USD. But now if I bring people here and they don’t see any animals, I feel pretty sad. If someone visits and sees lots of animals, they might tell their friends and encourage other people to come here. Our community could earn $10,000, maybe $20,000 USD instead”, he tells us.

The community is now starting to show signs of prosperity, and it’s obvious that they realise they have a stake in the protection and health of their home.

Last year, the Chi Phat community celebrated 10 years of zero elephant poaching in the Southern Cardamom Forest region; a monumental achievement.

We get an incredibly authentic taste of the returning elephants on our second day, when Leeheng stops abruptly in front of us, holding up a hand for quiet.

He’s spotted fresh tracks and believes a wild elephant could be in the area - confirmed by the faint sounds of the ground being trampled and low grunts about 300 metres away.

Our excitement at the find turns to something a little more serious when he warns us quietly that we have to walk quickly, a sober expression on his normally cheerful face. As we move forward, he swings the back of an axe hard against a tree, a gunshot-like sound ringing out through the thick forest.

Cardamom mountains jungle, Cambodia

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The elephants here haven’t forgotten the hunting days when bullets fired by humans would land amongst their herd. It makes them a dangerous animal for a human to encounter in these forests today, but Leeheng hopes their fear of the sound of guns will keep them well away from us.

Pausing frequently to take stock, he inspects tracks, listens to the low grunts in the distance. When we come across a strong earthy smell - a mound of very fresh droppings - and damage to ferns, tree trunks and plants reminiscent of a rogue ride-on mower, he gathers us around urgently. He thinks it’s a mother and child, meaning protective aggression is a real risk.

“They’re extremely close now, maybe 100 metres. If you see the elephant on the path, drop your bag immediately and run through the jungle. They can’t turn easily, so find the biggest tree you can and run behind it. Then move to the next and do the same. If you get lost, get to the river and head downstream. We’ll find you”.

Senses sharpened, we move stealthily along the paths to the nearby soundtrack of grunting and Bush-bashing(while hoping the fact we haven’t showered in a few days won’t give us completely away).

With Leehengs help, we escape any face-to-face meetings with a territorial mother - but if our close encounter is the price to pay for CBET and the Wildlife Alliance achieving their goals of protecting the area’s remaining elephant population, we’ll happily take it.  

Resting during a trek in Chi Phat

Since its inception, the program has resulted in the reforesting of 733 hectares of degraded areas, cancelled 36 land concessions, and protected 720,000 hectares of tropical forests from illegal loggers and industrial encroachment. It’s a success story that leads the way in eco-tourism initiatives around the world.

But sadly, not everyone values their incredible successes; during our time in the mountains, there were whispers of devastating Chinese development threatening to destroy the region with mining and dams.

There is a chance that the long-term future of CBET is again at the very real risk of crushing environmental destruction and financial uncertainty.  They’re fighting hard though, with many protests and legal cases underway.

In the meantime, the elephants are returning, and the community of Chi Phat is on the rise.

catching a lift home, Chi Phat
Chi Phat ecotourism project Cambodia a local smokes on the river


Essential information | CHi Phat community eco-tourism project, Cardamom Mountains

| Where is chi phat |

Chi Phat community eco-tourism project is located in the stunning Cardamom Mountains, in the Koh Kong province in Cambodia’s south.

It is possible to trek, cycle, kayak or boat in this beautiful part of the Cardamon Mountains away from the crowds.

| How to get to Chi Phat/Cardamom Mountains |

Getting to Chi Phat is all part of the fun, however it can be very hard to find.

We couldn’t find any proper information online how to get to Chi Phat, so we’ve written a complete post on how to get to Chi Phat. It has details of how to get to Chi Phat from just about every major location in Cambodia.

Long story short, you’ll need to make your way to Andoung Teuk, at which point you can hire a boat or motorbike to drive you the rest of the way (17kms from the main highway).

READ | How to get to Chi Phat Community Eco-Tourism project

| How much does Chi Phat cost |

Depending on which experience you’re after, the cost of any Chi Phat community eco-tourism experience is manageable for any traveller to south east Asia.

You can chose from one-day tours through to four-day trekking adventures.

For our 3 day/2night experience, we payed $200 USD per person, including food and camping gear.

Being a community based eco-tourism project, you provided with details on where your money goes. Everyone involved in the project receives their fair share of the earnings and that’s what makes the project sustainable.

Basically, your hard earned is going straight into the community.

BOOK | To book, click here


You guys know the drill; if you can’t afford travel insurance, you can’t afford to travel.

We use World Nomads, get your quote here.

| Other information |

There are no ATM’s in Chi Phat village, so bring sufficient cash for the tour, and any other expenses.


Chi Phat Packing List

Packing light is the name of the game here in Chi Phat, because you carry all your gear.

Hiking in Chi Phat involve all types of weather, so while you should pack light, remember all the essential waterproofing gear.

Below is our packing list:

Sturdy hiking boots | We love our Danner Boots, but if you want something lighter, try these waterproof hiking boots

Comfortable daypack | We use the Fjallraven Abisko Hike 35L daypack and we absolutely love it

Dry bag | Sea to Summit's dry bag range will keep your clothes, electronics, etc. safe and dry, especially around wet season!

Tops | Enough t-shirts/tops to last you three days of sweaty hiking!

Waterproof jacket | If you’re trekking in the warmer, monsoonal months, make sure you have a waterproof jacket on-hand.

Portable charger | Should you need your phone for photography/safety, bring a portable charger

Your camera | Obviously! Check out our full list of photography gear here

Bring a reusable water bottle | There is no need for a modern traveller to buy bottled water, ever. Purchase a water filtration + purification bottle (like our faves from The Grayl) and you will literally never need to purchase bottled water again.

ACAP also provide UV filtered water stations for drinking water all along the trail. 

BUY | We use the Grayl GEOPRESS every day, every trip we take!



CAMBODIA TRAVEL TIPS | Everything to know before visiting Cambodia

KILLING FIELDS AND S21 | Our guide to the sombre Killing Fields and S21 museum

CHI PHAT ECO-TOURISM | Visiting Chi Phat, Cambodia’s incredible eco-tourism project

PHNOM PENH | A quickguide to Cambodia’s capital, Phnom Penh

AIRBNB GUIDE | Our essential guide to getting the best out of Airbnb

TRAVEL INSURANCE | Don’t leave home without travel insurance (seriously, don’t!). Click here to get the best deals with World Nomads, our trusted travel insurance provider

PHOTOGRAPHY | Love our photography? Wondering what gear we use to get all of our photos around the world?

Click here to view our detailed photography gear guide, as well as our top travel photography tips!

RESPONSIBLE TRAVEL | Responsible travel is important. REALLY IMPORTANT.

Learn our top responsible travel tips to help you, your family and friends travel more consciously around the globe

ECO FRIENDLY PACKING ESSENTIALS | Don’t leave home without our favourite eco-friendly travel essentials

Thinking of visiting Cambodia? Don't miss Chi Phat for an incredible, unique experience in the Cardamom Mountains. Have you been before? Share your stories in the comments below! 


Chi Phat



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